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FOR AN EFFECTIVE RECOGNITION OF THE SPECIFIC GROUNDS FOR ASYLUM FOR WOMEN, GIRLS AND LGBTIQA+ PEOPLE

Sexual and gender-based violence (including domestic violence, sexual exploitation, forced marriage, genital mutilation, trafficking, discriminatory legislation, repudiation, deprivation of their children) pushes many women, girls and LGBTIQA+ people to flee their countries and seek asylum in Europe.

These people are almost systematically exposed to violence and exploitation along the migration route: sexual violence by smugglers or in refugee camps, sexual exploitation or forced labour and confinement in trafficking networks in transit countries, including in European countries, threats, trauma and danger to their children.

When they arrive in Europe, inadequate asylum procedures and an unworthy reception await them. Asylum procedures fail to identify victims of gender-based violence or trafficking, accommodation facilities are inadequate, support measures are lacking. And their specific grounds for asylum are often not recognised, despite the principles set out in several EU directives and the provisions of the Istanbul Convention which recognises gender-based violence against women as a form of persecution giving rise to international protection.

We, the people of Europe and the world, call on the European Commission, the European Parliament, the European Council and the national governments of the Schengen area to:

1 Guarantee the right to international protection through the effective recognition of any specific asylum grounds for women, girls and LGBTIQA+ people.

We ask that such recognition be guaranteed to any victim of gender based violence, woman, girl or LGBTIQA+ person, by integrating the particular needs of these persons, and those of the children who accompany them if necessary, at all stages of the asylum procedure and reception.

Such a guarantee includes systematic access to structures for identifying and supporting victims of trafficking and violence based on gender and non-heterosexual sexual orientation and the establishment of appropriate conditions for examining asylum applications.

The presence of female social workers, interpreters, health care staff, psychologists and lawyers who are LGBTIQA+ sensitive in accommodation and reception centres should be ensured. The detention of women and their accompanying children, girls and LGBTIQA+ people in exile must be outlawed. The Dublin Regulation must not apply to vulnerable people: the application of the sovereignty clause for women, girls and LGBTIQA+ people must be automatic.

We demand that the necessary means to put in place adequate procedures and structures for the effective recognition of the specific asylum grounds of women, girls and LGBTIQA+ people be deployed by the European Commission and national governments.

2 Establish a European Monitoring Body to ensure the effective implementation of articles 60 and 61 of the Istanbul Convention and articles 10 to 16 of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.

Article 60 of the Istanbul Convention formally establishes the obligation of signatory states to recognise the right to international protection for victims of gender-based violence against women and calls for gender-sensitive reception and asylum procedures and support services. It is important to ensure that national legislation is in place in line with this Convention and to guarantee its effective implementation in all signatory countries. Similarly the principle of non-refoulement reaffirmed in article 61 of the Istanbul Convention must be strictly adhered to and effectively monitored to prevent the return of LGBTIQA+ women, girls and persons to countries where they are at risk of facing such violence again.

Furthermore, compliance with the Convention on Action against Human Trafficking (articles 10-16 in particular) is essential to ensure access to fair and effective asylum procedures, access to assistance and protection and compensation for victims of trafficking.

We call for the effective implementation of the Istanbul Convention and the Convention on Action against Human Trafficking so that victims of gender-based violence are recognised, supported and afforded international protection.

3 Ensure access to asylum in European countries for women, girls and LGBTIQA+ people.

The project of a new European pact on migration and asylum presented in September 2020 by the European Commission aims above all to limit access to Europe. We denounce this pact which defends the interests of the EU and not the rights of migrants who need protection. A tougher border regime, accelerated procedures and filtering at the external borders of Europe, the unloading of the duty of reception and asylum procedures on non-EU countries such as Turkey and facilitated deportations are the backbone of this new unacceptable pact.

While the impossibility to file asylum applications in the embassies of European countries has turned the Mediterranean into a giant graveyard, accelerated border procedures expedite the examination of applications and do not allow for the specific asylum grounds and vulnerabilities of women and accompanying children, girls and LGBTIQA+ people.

We call for facilitated legal avenues for women, girls and LGBTIQA+ people to apply for asylum in Europe.

Who are we?

We are a group of activists and associations fighting alongside asylum seekers in Europe. Through our daily struggle, we see the multiple forms of violence experienced by women and LGBTIQA+ people who come to Europe in search of refuge. Following the feminist demonstration %22Toutes aux frontiers “ (All women to the borders), which took place in Nice on 5 June 2021, we join forces: repression occurs at the European level, as does our resistance.

The following organisations support us:

Europe
European Association of Lawyers for Democracy and World Human Rights
Forum Civique européen
Marche mondiale des Femmes
Migration-Control Project
Parti de la Gauche Européenne Europe

Austria

Frauensolidarität

StopDeportationsVienna

Basque Country

Asamblea de Mujeres de Bizkaia-Bizkiako Emakumeen Asanblada

Asiciacion Emakume Migratu Feministak-Sociosanitarias

Bagera, nous sommes

Bidez Bide Elkartea

EH Feministak Nika

EHko Bilgune Feminista

ELA SINDIKATUA

ESK Sindikatua

Euskal Herriko Emakume Migratu eta Arrazializaturen Sarea

Euskal Herriko Emakumeen Mundu Marcha

Euskal Herriko Mugimendu feminista

LAB SINDIKATUA

Marimatraka Santurtziko talde feminista

Martxanterak talde feminista

Mugarik Gabe ONGD

ONGI ETORRI ERREFUXIATUAK. MUGAK ZABALDUZ

Portugaleteko Mugimendu Feminista

Sindicato LAB de Euskal Herria

SMH-Aita Mari (Salvamento Marítimo Humanitario)

STEILAS SINDIKATUA

Belgium

CADTM - Comité pour l'abolition des dettes illégitimes

Marche mondiale des Femmes

Finland

Free Movement Network

France

AIDES

Alda-Lesbiennes Réfugiées Toulouse

ANAFE

APIAF Toulouse

Association pour la Démocratie à Nice

ATTAC Toulouse

BAGDAM Espace Lesbien Toulouse

Centre LGBTQIA 06

Cercle Louis Guilloux

CGT Education 06

CIMADE

CMPDF31

Collectif AGIR

Collectif Droits des Femmes 06

COMEDE

Ensemble

Féministes révolutionnaires Nantes

France Amérique Latine, commission Féministes et Genres

GISTI

GRAF

Groupe Accueil et solidarités

Habitat&Citoyenneté

KARAVAN Toulouse

LaisseBien TaGaiete

Lesbiennes Dépassent Les Frontières

Ligue des Droits de l'Homme

Marche mondiale des Femmes

Marche Mondiale des Femmes Occitanie

MRAP

Nice au cœur

#Nous Toutes 06

Planning Familial

Qx1 Welcome Map

Refugee Women's Centre

Resf-48

Roya Citoyenne

She'lter, Terres à elles

Solidaires 06 - confédération syndicale

SOLIDAIRES 31

SOMICO

Sublimes Portes, Traversées artistiques en Méditerranée

UJPP Union Juive Française pour la paix

UNEF Toulouse

Germany

Bavarian Refugee Council (Bayerischer Flüchtlingsrat)

CENÎ - Kurdisches Frauenbüro für Frieden e.V.

Flüchtlingsrat Baden-Württemberg

Flüchtlingsrat Brandenburg

Flüchtlingsrat Mecklenburg-Vorpommern e.V.

Flüchtlingsrat NRW Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V.

Frauenhauskoordinierung e.V. /Association of Women's Shelters

Hessischer Flüchtlingsrat (Refugee Coucil of Hesse) e.V.

NETZ für Selbstverwaltung und Selbstorganisation e.V.

PRO ASYL

Pro Bleiberecht Rostock

Queer refugees support Hamburg

Refugee Council of Lower Saxony /Flüchtlingsrat Niedersachsen e.V.

Refugee council Saxony-Anhalt /Flüchtlingsrat Sachsen – Anhalt e.V.

Republikanischer Anwältinnen- und Anwälteverein e. V.

Sächsischer Flüchtlingsrat e.V. / Saxon Refugee Council

Seebrücke

Vereinigung Demokratischer Juristinnen und Juristen e.V. (VDJ)

Women in Exile and Friends, Brandenburg

Greece

FemArtAct

Κέντρο Γυναικείων Μελετών και Ερευνών ‘Διοτίμα’ - Centre for Research on Women’s Issues ‘Diotima’

Κέντρο Έρευνας και Δράσης για

την Ειρήνη (ΚΕΔΕ) - Center of Research and Action for Peace (KEDE)

Ομάδα γυναικών του συλλόγου κοινωνικής και Πολιτιστικής Παρέμβασης "θρυαλλίδα" - Women Group of the Association of Social and Cultural Intervention "Thryallida"

Ομάδα ΛΟΑΤΚΙ+ Εργασιακής Υποστήριξης -— LGBTQI+ Employment Support Group

Ελληνικό Φόρουμ Μεταναστών- Greek Forum of Migrants

Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι- Greek Helsinki Monitor

Ελληνικό Συμβούλιο για τους Πρόσφυγες/Greek Council For Refugees

Δίκτυο για τα Πολιτικά και Κοινωνικά

Δικαιώματα- Network for Political and Social Rights

Ελληνικό Δίκτυο Κοινωνικής Υποστήριξης Προσφύγων και Μεταναστών- Network of Social Support for Refugees and Migrants

Φεστιβάλ Υπερηφάνειας Θεσσαλονίκης

Thessaloniki Pride Festival

Δίκτυο Οργάνωση Γυναικών Ευρώπης- Réseau des femmes grecques d'Europe

Samos LGBTQI+ Group, Samos Volunteers and Samos Advocacy

Οργάνωση Ενωμένων Γυναικών Αφρικής- United African Women Organization Greece

ΠΡΩΤΟΒΟΥΛΊΑ ΓΥΝΑΙΚΩΝ ΕΝΑΝΤΙΑ ΣΤΟ ΧΡΕΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΑ ΜΕΤΡΑ ΛΙΤΌΤΗΤΑΣ - ΧΩΡΟΣ ΑΛΛΗΛΕΓΓΥΗΣ ΓΥΝΑΙΚΩΝ - Women’s initiative against debt and austerity measures - Women’s solidarity venue

ΜΗΤΕΡΑΣ ΕΡΓΟΝ Σύλλογος Πολύτεκνων Μητέρων- Mother’s Work, Association of Multi-Children Families

Italy

ARCI Associazione di Promozione Sociale Roma

Association "Popoli in Arte" Sanremo

Associazione Albatros Laboratorio teatrale e Centro di Solidarietà - Alba (Cuneo)

ATTAC Imperia

Campagna LasciateCIEntrare

Casa delle Donne di Milano (Women's house of Milan)

Cisda (Cordinamento Italiano Sostegno Donne Afgane Onlus)

Cooperativa Giolli, Montechiarugolo (Parma) - Centro di Ricerche Teatro dell'Oppresso

Fucsia Teatro, IAM Intersectionalities and more - Bologna

Il Deposito dei Segni - Pescara

La bottega del Barbieri, Imola, Bologna

Laboratorio Politico per un'altra città, Firenze

Libera Università delle Donne, Milano

NUDM Modena

NUDM Ponente Ligure

Re.Co.Sol (Reti Comuni Solidali), Chiaro Sasso

Réseau Sanremo Solidale Sanremo

Italy and Bosnia

Linea D'Ombra

Lithuany

Center Against Human Trafficking and Exploitation

Equally

Spain

Kifkif, Migraciones y Refugio LGTBI+

Ca la Dona

Refugees Welcome España

Switzerland

ACAT

ADF Neuchâtel

APDH

Appartenances

Asile LGBTIQ+

Association de médiatrices interculturelles (AMIC)

Association Découvrir

Association du Témoignage Chrétien

Asylex

ATTAC Suisse

Be-Hôme Neuchâtel

Brava (anc. Terre des Femmes)

Camarada

Caritas Genève

Carrefour Orientation Solidarité

CEFAM, centre d'accueil et d'intégration pour femmes migrantes et leurs enfants habitant Meyrin

Centre social protestant Genève

Commission fédérative Femmes SSP/VPOD

Commission femmes de l’Union syndicale suisse

Coordination asile.ge

DAO Dachorganisation der Frauenhäuser Schweiz und Liechtenstein

Droit de Rester VD, NE et FR

Elisa-asile

Ensemble à gauche

Femmes socialistes suisses

FIZ Centre d’assistance aux migrantes et aux victimes de la traite des femmes

Freiplatzaktion Basel - legal counseling center for refugees

Grève féministe suisse

Juristes démocrates de Suisse

L’AMAR – Lieu Autogéré Multiculturel d’Accueil et de Rencontres /Neuchâtel

La Roseraie

Le deuxième Observatoire

Lelab.church

Les Scribes

Ligue des Droits de l'Homme

Marche mondiale des Femmes

Médecins du Monde

ODAE

Plateforme Traite

Pluri-Elles

Rainbow Spot - Permanence LGBTIQ+ Asile-Migration (Vaud)

RECIF

Résistons Genève

SAO Association for displaced women

Solidarité Femmes région Neuchâtel

Solidarité sans frontières

Solidarité Tattes

SolidaritéS CH

Solinetz Luzern

SOS Asile Vaud

UNIA

Viol-Secours

Vivre Ensemble

Turkey

Aramızda Gender Studies Association

Dünya Kadın Yürüyüşü Türkiye Koordinasyonu

KAOS Gay Lesbien Association

SES Eşitlik ve Dayanışma Derneği

Sweden

Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Intersex Rights

Europe

European Association of Lawyers for Democracy and World Human Rights

Forum Civique Européen

Marche mondiale des Femmes

Migration-Control Project

Parti de la Gauche Européenne

Austria

Frauensolidarität

StopDeportationsVienna

Basque Country

Asamblea de Mujeres de Bizkaia-Bizkiako Emakumeen Asanblada

Asiciacion Emakume Migratu Feministak-Sociosanitarias

Bagera, nous sommes

Bidez Bide Elkartea

EH Feministak Nika

EHko Bilgune Feminista

ELA SINDIKATUA

ESK Sindikatua

Euskal Herriko Emakume Migratu eta Arrazializaturen Sarea

Euskal Herriko Emakumeen Mundu Marcha

Euskal Herriko Mugimendu feminista

LAB SINDIKATUA

Marimatraka Santurtziko talde feminista

Martxanterak talde feminista

Mugarik Gabe ONGD

ONGI ETORRI ERREFUXIATUAK. MUGAK ZABALDUZ

Portugaleteko Mugimendu Feminista

Sindicato LAB de Euskal Herria

SMH-Aita Mari (Salvamento Marítimo Humanitario)

STEILAS SINDIKATUA

Belgium

CADTM - Comité pour l'abolition des dettes illégitimes

Marche mondiale des Femmes

Finland

Free Movement Network

France

AIDES

Alda-Lesbiennes Réfugiées Toulouse

ANAFE

APIAF Toulouse

Association pour la Démocratie à Nice

ATTAC Toulouse

BAGDAM Espace Lesbien Toulouse

Centre LGBTQIA 06

Cercle Louis Guilloux

CGT Education 06

CIMADE

CMPDF31

Collectif AGIR

Collectif Droits des Femmes 06

COMEDE

Ensemble

Féministes révolutionnaires Nantes

France Amérique Latine, commission Féministes et Genres

GISTI

GRAF

Groupe Accueil et solidarités

Habitat&Citoyenneté

KARAVAN Toulouse

LaisseBien TaGaiete

Lesbiennes Dépassent Les Frontières

Ligue des Droits de l'Homme

Marche mondiale des Femmes

Marche Mondiale des Femmes Occitanie

MRAP

Nice au cœur

#Nous Toutes 06

Planning Familial

Qx1 Welcome Map

Refugee Women's Centre

Resf-48

Roya Citoyenne

She'lter, Terres à elles

Solidaires 06 - confédération syndicale

SOLIDAIRES 31

SOMICO

Sublimes Portes, Traversées artistiques en Méditerranée

UJPP Union Juive Française pour la paix

UNEF Toulouse

Germany

Bavarian Refugee Council (Bayerischer Flüchtlingsrat)

CENÎ - Kurdisches Frauenbüro für Frieden e.V.

Flüchtlingsrat Baden-Württemberg

Flüchtlingsrat Brandenburg

Flüchtlingsrat Mecklenburg-Vorpommern e.V.

Flüchtlingsrat NRW Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V.

Frauenhauskoordinierung e.V. /Association of Women's Shelters

Hessischer Flüchtlingsrat (Refugee Coucil of Hesse) e.V.

NETZ für Selbstverwaltung und Selbstorganisation e.V.

PRO ASYL

Pro Bleiberecht Rostock

Queer refugees support Hamburg

Refugee Council of Lower Saxony /Flüchtlingsrat Niedersachsen e.V.

Refugee council Saxony-Anhalt /Flüchtlingsrat Sachsen – Anhalt e.V.

Republikanischer Anwältinnen- und Anwälteverein e. V.

Sächsischer Flüchtlingsrat e.V. / Saxon Refugee Council

Seebrücke

Vereinigung Demokratischer Juristinnen und Juristen e.V. (VDJ)

Women in Exile and Friends, Brandenburg

Greece

FemArtAct

Κέντρο Γυναικείων Μελετών και Ερευνών ‘Διοτίμα’ - Centre for Research on Women’s Issues ‘Diotima’

Κέντρο Έρευνας και Δράσης για

την Ειρήνη (ΚΕΔΕ) - Center of Research and Action for Peace (KEDE)

Ομάδα γυναικών του συλλόγου κοινωνικής και Πολιτιστικής Παρέμβασης "θρυαλλίδα" - Women Group of the Association of Social and Cultural Intervention "Thryallida"

Ομάδα ΛΟΑΤΚΙ+ Εργασιακής Υποστήριξης -— LGBTQI+ Employment Support Group

Ελληνικό Φόρουμ Μεταναστών- Greek Forum of Migrants

Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι- Greek Helsinki Monitor

Ελληνικό Συμβούλιο για τους Πρόσφυγες/Greek Council For Refugees

Δίκτυο για τα Πολιτικά και Κοινωνικά

Δικαιώματα- Network for Political and Social Rights

Ελληνικό Δίκτυο Κοινωνικής Υποστήριξης Προσφύγων και Μεταναστών- Network of Social Support for Refugees and Migrants

Φεστιβάλ Υπερηφάνειας Θεσσαλονίκης

Thessaloniki Pride Festival

Δίκτυο Οργάνωση Γυναικών Ευρώπης- Réseau des femmes grecques d'Europe

Samos LGBTQI+ Group, Samos Volunteers and Samos Advocacy

Οργάνωση Ενωμένων Γυναικών Αφρικής- United African Women Organization Greece

ΠΡΩΤΟΒΟΥΛΊΑ ΓΥΝΑΙΚΩΝ ΕΝΑΝΤΙΑ ΣΤΟ ΧΡΕΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΑ ΜΕΤΡΑ ΛΙΤΌΤΗΤΑΣ - ΧΩΡΟΣ ΑΛΛΗΛΕΓΓΥΗΣ ΓΥΝΑΙΚΩΝ - Women’s initiative against debt and austerity measures - Women’s solidarity venue

ΜΗΤΕΡΑΣ ΕΡΓΟΝ Σύλλογος Πολύτεκνων Μητέρων- Mother’s Work, Association of Multi-Children Families

Italy

ARCI Associazione di Promozione Sociale Roma

Association "Popoli in Arte" Sanremo

Associazione Albatros Laboratorio teatrale e Centro di Solidarietà - Alba (Cuneo)

ATTAC Imperia

Campagna LasciateCIEntrare

Casa delle Donne di Milano (Women's house of Milan)

Cisda (Cordinamento Italiano Sostegno Donne Afgane Onlus)

Cooperativa Giolli, Montechiarugolo (Parma) - Centro di Ricerche Teatro dell'Oppresso

Fucsia Teatro, IAM Intersectionalities and more - Bologna

Il Deposito dei Segni - Pescara

La bottega del Barbieri, Imola, Bologna

Laboratorio Politico per un'altra città, Firenze

Libera Università delle Donne, Milano

NUDM Modena

NUDM Ponente Ligure

Re.Co.Sol (Reti Comuni Solidali), Chiaro Sasso

Réseau Sanremo Solidale Sanremo

Italy and Bosnia

Linea D'Ombra

Lithuany

Center Against Human Trafficking and Exploitation

Equally

Spain

Kifkif, Migraciones y Refugio LGTBI+

Ca la Dona

Refugees Welcome España

Switzerland

ACAT

ADF Neuchâtel

APDH

Appartenances

Asile LGBTIQ+

Association de médiatrices interculturelles (AMIC)

Association Découvrir

Association du Témoignage Chrétien

Asylex

ATTAC Suisse

Be-Hôme Neuchâtel

Brava (anc. Terre des Femmes)

Camarada

Caritas Genève

Carrefour Orientation Solidarité

CEFAM, centre d'accueil et d'intégration pour femmes migrantes et leurs enfants habitant Meyrin

Centre social protestant Genève

Commission fédérative Femmes SSP/VPOD

Commission femmes de l’Union syndicale suisse

Coordination asile.ge

DAO Dachorganisation der Frauenhäuser Schweiz und Liechtenstein

Droit de Rester VD, NE et FR

Elisa-asile

Ensemble à gauche

Femmes socialistes suisses

FIZ Centre d’assistance aux migrantes et aux victimes de la traite des femmes

Freiplatzaktion Basel - legal counseling center for refugees

Grève féministe suisse

Juristes démocrates de Suisse

L’AMAR – Lieu Autogéré Multiculturel d’Accueil et de Rencontres /Neuchâtel

La Roseraie

Le deuxième Observatoire

Lelab.church

Les Scribes

Ligue des Droits de l'Homme

Marche mondiale des Femmes

Médecins du Monde

ODAE

Plateforme Traite

Pluri-Elles

Rainbow Spot - Permanence LGBTIQ+ Asile-Migration (Vaud)

RECIF

Résistons Genève

SAO Association for displaced women

Solidarité Femmes région Neuchâtel

Solidarité sans frontières

Solidarité Tattes

SolidaritéS CH

Solinetz Luzern

SOS Asile Vaud

UNIA

Viol-Secours

Vivre Ensemble

Turkey

Aramızda Gender Studies Association

Dünya Kadın Yürüyüşü Türkiye Koordinasyonu

KAOS Gay Lesbien Association

SES Eşitlik ve Dayanışma Derneği

Sweden

Swedish Federation for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Intersex Rights